Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin İnsan Onuruna İlişkin Anlayış ve Algıları
Nacak, Ulviye Aydan
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The research was carried out as a descriptive study between 2022-2023 in order to determine the perception and understanding of human dignity of nursing students. The sample of the study consisted of 316 nursing students studying at public and private universities with a Nursing Undergraduate Program as of 2022 within the borders of Ankara Province. Data were collected using the Introductory Characteristics Form and the Human Dignity and Perception of Nursing Scale. Descriptive statistics, Kruskall-Wallis and Mann Whitney-U tests were used in the analysis of the data. As a result of the research, the average score of the nursing students on the Human Dignity Perception and Understanding Scale in Nursing was 193.1± 43.8; The mean scores obtained from the sub-dimensions of the scale were found to be 67.1 points from the "meaning" sub-dimension, 57.9 points from the "perception" sub-dimension, and 68.1 points from the "care" sub-dimension, respectively. Since the highest score of the scale was 215, this finding showed that students' perception and understanding of human dignity were high. A significant proportion of nursing students were unable to define human dignity, while one third described human dignity as one’s self-respect or living according to the moral values of the society. More than half (64.2%) of nursing students did not take a course on the concept of human dignity; On the other hand, it was determined that the level of perception of human dignity of the students who took the courses on the concept of human dignity increased statistically significantly. About half of the students identified the concept of human dignity in nursing with privacy (28.8%) and autonomy (17.1%); The approaches that harm human dignity in nursing care practices are stated as not showing the necessary care to the privacy of the patient (33.0%), being rude and humiliating (16.8%), and not taking into account the decisions about care and treatment (14.6%). In line with the research results, it is suggested that the concept of human dignity should be discussed in professional courses for nursing students and that more space should be given to empathy, patient rights, holistic and attentive care, respect for human values and beliefs while referring to the concept of human dignity in nursing education.