Yetişkin Kadınlarda Diyet İnfllamatuar Yükü ile Yeme Davranışı ve Yorgunluk Arasındaki İlişkinin Belirlenmesi
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This study was planned and conducted with the aim of determining possible relationship between dietary inflammatory load with eating behaviour and fatigue and the effect of dietary inflammatory load on nutritional status, some anthropometric measurements and depression/anxiety/stress. The study was carried out through online/online social media platforms with 200 healthy volunteer female participants residing in Turkey, mean age 29,67±5,42 years (19-39 years), with a body mass index (BMI) between 18,5-29,9 kg/m2. General eating habits and physical activity status of participants, eating behaviours, depression, anxiety, stress levels, fatigue severity, anthropometric measurements and dietary inflammatory loads were recorded and evaluated via an online questionnaire. Dietary inflammatory index (DII) was used to determine dietary inflammatory load, Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ-21) was used to assess eating behaviour, Chalder Fatigue Scale was used to measure fatigue severity and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) was used to measure depression, anxiety and stress. DII scores of the participants were calculated with the food frequency questionnare. The relationship between DII scores of indiviuals with eating behaviour, depression, anxiety, stress levels, fatigue, physical activity and anthropometric measurements and some parameters such as age and sleep duration were evaluated. The mean DII scores of the participants were -13,25± 11,46; the mean scores of TFEQ-21 subgroups were 11,77±5,32 for emotional eating, 13,45±4,13 for cognitive restraint and 18,68±6,39 for uncontrolled eating; the mean score for Chalder Fatigue Scale was 14,62±7,65; the mean scores of DASS-21 subgroups were calculated as 6,26±4,29 for stress, 4,04±4,15 for anxiety and 4,88±4,68 for depression. DII score has a positive and significant correlation with fatigue, depression and anxiety (p<0,05). There was a negative significant correlation between DII score and waist/hip ratio, body weight, BMI and age (p<0,05); positive significant correlation with educational status (p<0,05). There was a significant negative correlation between DII scores and food groups such as legumes, nuts, vegetables and fruits, whole and processed grains and olive oil (p<0,05). There was a significant negative correlation with DII score and fiber, vitamin A, C, E and B group vitamins, magnesium, zinc, selenium, calcium and potassium and some nutritional components such as carotene, β-carotene, flavon-3-ol, flavone, flavonol, flavone, anthocyanidin, isoflavone and caffeine (p<0,05). As a result; we found a relationship between dieatry patterns of indiviuals and their fatgiue, depression and anxiety. However there was no significant relationship between eating behaviour and DII score (p>0,05). We could suggest the antiinflammatory diet pattern and consumption of fruits and vegetables, whole grains and olive oil in healthy women may have beneficial effects on mood and fatigue. In order to better understand the relationship between Dİİ score and eating behaviour and mood, studies should be conducted for different age groups in the society.