Kamusal Alanda İdarenin Video Gözetiminin Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Hukuku Bağlamında Değerlendirilmesi
Turgut Bilgiç, Ezgi
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With the effect of digitalization technological and technical developments have led to an increase in the capacity and number of video recorders placed in public spaces. Today, smart cameras that can use artificial intelligence are also used for various purposes by administrative bodies. Since cameras in public areas, in some cases, obtaining personal data and recording this data, are considered data processing activities, the law on the protection of personal data should be followed in terms of these activities. Apart from this the widespread preference of cameras by public authorities raises ethical, social and technical concerns and it is subject to criticism in terms of functionality, totalitarianism or abuse, human rights and legal security. In the study, video surveillance was discussed starting from the discussion of surveillance and privacy and the reasons for the preference of video recording devices used in the public space were examined. In addition, by revealing the relationship between video surveillance and the law on the protection of personal data, the idea that the rules of law alone will not be sufficient for the protection of individual freedoms against the cameras has been expressed. In general, the aim and scope of the study; based on the surveillance literature and inquiries regarding widespread surveillance has been shaped by the idea that the law which continues its development in the field of personal data protection should be enriched with a social approach.