Barker, G. K., & Rich, S. (1992). Influences on adolescent sexuality in Nigeria and
Kenya: Findings from recent focus-group discussions. Studies in Family Planning,
Bloor, M., Frankland, J., Thomas, M., & Robson, K. (2001). Focus groups in social
Bogardus, E. S. (1926). The group interview.
Brannen, J., & Pattman, R. (2005). Work-family matters in the workplace: the use of
focus groups in a study of a UK social services department. Qualitative Research, 5(4),
Clark, J. M., Maben, J., & Jones, K. (1996). The use of focus group interviews in
nursing research: issues and challenges. NT Research, 1(2), 143–153.
Colucci, E. (2007). “Focus groups can be fun”: The use of activity-oriented questions in
focus group discussions. Qualitative Health Research, 17(10), 1422–1433.
Cooper, C. P., Jorgensen, C. M., & Merritt, T. L. (2003). Report from the CDC.
Telephone focus groups: an emerging method in public health research. Journal of
Women’s Health, 12(10), 945–951.
Damron, J. C. H. (2009). Attitudes toward interpersonal silence within dyadic
Edmunds, H. (1999). The focus group research handbook. Lincolnwood, IL. NTC
Business Books/Contemporary Publishing.
EEOC, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission of the United States. (n.d.). What
is sexual harassment? Retrieved from
Etikan, I., Musa, S. A., & Alkassim, R. S. (2016). Comparison of convenience sampling
and purposive sampling. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics, 5(1),
Fallon, G., & Brown, R. B. (2002). Focusing on focus groups: lessons from a research
project involving a Bangladeshi community. Qualitative Research, 2(2), 195–208.
Fern, E. F. (1982). The use of focus groups for idea generation: the effects of group size,
acquaintanceship, and moderator on response quantity and quality. Journal of Marketing
Flowerdew, R., & Martin, D. (2005). Methods in human geography: a guide for students
doing a research project. Pearson Education.
Folch-Lyon, E., & Trost, J. F. (1981). Conducting focus group sessions. Studies in
Family Planning, 443–449.
Greenwood, N., Ellmers, T., & Holley, J. (2014). The influence of ethnic group
composition on focus group discussions, 1–13.
Hennink, M. H., & Hutter, I. (2011). Bailey. A. Qualitative Research Methods. London:
SAGE Publications Ltd.
Hennink, M. M. (2007). International focus group research: A handbook for the health
and social sciences. Cambridge University Press.
Hennink, M. M. (2014). Understanding Focus Group Discussions. Oxford University
Hollander, J. A. (2004). The social contexts of focus groups. Journal of Contemporary
Ethnography, 33(5), 602–637.
Hughes, D. L., & DuMont, K. (2002). Using focus groups to facilitate culturally
anchored research. In Ecological research to promote social change (pp. 257–289).
Jowett, M., & O’Toole, G. (2006). Focusing researchers’ minds: Contrasting experiences
of using focus groups in feminist qualitative research. Qualitative Research, 6(4), 453–
Kitzinger, J. (1994). The methodology of focus groups: the importance of interaction
between research participants. Sociology of Health & Illness, 16(1), 103–121.
Kralik, D., Price, K., Warren, J., & Koch, T. (2006). Issues in data generation using
email group conversations for nursing research. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53(2),
Krueger, R A, & Casey, M. A. (2000). Focus groups: a practical guide for applied
Krueger, Richard A. (2014). Focus groups: A practical guide for applied research. Sage
Krueger, Richard A, & Casey, M. A. (2009). Focus groupsa practical guide for applied
Lee, R. M. (1993). Doing research on sensitive topics. Sage.
Liamputtong, P. (2011). Focus group methodology: Principle and practice. Sage
Merton, R., Fisk, M., & Kendall, P. (1956). The focused interview: a report of the
bureau of applied social research. New York: Columbia University.
Michell, L., & Amos, A. (1997). Girls, pecking order and smoking. Social Science &
Medicine, 44(12), 1861–1869.
Morgan, D. L. (1988). Focus groups as qualitative research. Newbury Park. Cal.: Sage.
Morgan, D. L. (1995). Why things (sometimes) go wrong in focus groups. Qualitative
Health Research, 5(4), 516–523.
Morgan, D. L. (1996a). Focus groups. Annual Review of Sociology, 22(1), 129–152.
Morgan, D. L. (1996b). Focus groups as qualitative research (Vol. 16). Sage
Morgan, D. L. (1997). Focus Groups as Qualitative Research (Vol. 16). SAGE.
Morgan, D. L., & Krueger, R. A. (1997). Focus group kit: Volumes 1-6. Sage
Publications Thousand Oaks, CA.
Morgan David, L. (1997). Focus groups as qualitative research. Qualitative Research
Methods Series, 16(2).
Morgan, M., Gibbs, S., Maxwell, K., & Britten, N. (2002). Hearing children’s voices:
methodological issues in conducting focus groups with children aged 7-11 years.||tr_TR