İfade Aracı Olarak Portre
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ABSTRACT In this thesis, the analysis of some of the world-famous works and their knowledge in the history of art has been discussed. These forms of expression are examined in the integrity of the ideas, ethical and aesthetic values that direct the behaviors of the social class. Another aim of this study is the main issue on which the project is based; to emphasize the synthesis of instinct and consciousness / subconscious states with facial expression. Within the scope of the thesis, the works of the artists who have chosen the portrait as the subject and the images in these works are evaluated. In addition to scientific research studies, in the applications carried out in line with the project scope, compositions reflecting different emotions and thoughts, which are portrait, are included. It is very important that the status quo, hierarchy and character that are seen or not seen in portrait and figurative works are reflected in the audience. In the portraits and figures created in line with the expectation of the audience, the flawless and deformed anatomy and pictorial competence stand out. The facial expression is presented in unity with the elements determining the status quo, the position, the social role and the identity of the subject in the picture. However, the first purpose of an expressionist painter is not depiction. The portrait leaves a hidden and powerful psychological effect on the viewer; because portrait is not just knowledge and beauty, but spatial and spiritual experience. The quality of portraits that reflects the person's appearance, personality and state of mind makes him valid at every period. For this reason, it is based on catching the ”moment“ in which a person lives within a certain composition in all art areas. The acceptance of the portrait as a work of art introduces the individual's characteristics in terms of the spiritual aspect, as well as the image of the person on the materials such as canvas, paper and paint. It conveys the feeling of “feeling of being” in every area such as transferring the emotion of the individual and immortalizing the individual. The portrait has many features, but its most important feature is its mirroring of human nature; there are all cases of being cute, eerie, laughing, tense. Human beings are born, grow, express themselves in a language and then establish dialogues with language; So, “I” and “you” start. It is now a language platform. In the portrait, I and you, it, we, adjectives like you; he can return to “me and me”. This is a small but important detail. The primary factor that differentiates the portrait from the other works is “the emergence of the individual”. In this sense, portrait is the reflection and transmission of the original aspects of the person. In the narratives based on the portrait, there is an attempt to capture and transfer the accumulations brought by the interaction of the individual with his / her own environment on his / her face. During this capture on the facial expressin, he perceives thinking, seeing, hearing, merging with the mind and finding life on the canvas. The painters examined in this thesis started their journeys either from their faces or from the faces of others. Thus, portraits that live on the canvas testify to the three psychological processes of the brain, mind and memory. Comparison of the portraits of the same or different dates; personal and historical portraits are subjects of analysis. The various artistic approaches that existed together with the historical flow have undergone changes with the dynamics of the century which they belong. The portraits that I’ve made along with the research and analysis of the portraits that constitute the landmarks of history of art, constitute the main theme of the thesis. In this sense, I consider my thesis as a starting point that teaches me what to do rather than a result.
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