Kara Romantizm, Düşsel İmgeler ve Kabus Resimleri
Özgör, Cumhur Okay
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First time in 1930, having named by Mario Praz; Dark Romanticism, became significant perception over the Art of World. As a concept of weird images, depictionsins densely described shocking and horror scenes, simultanously existing of esthetism with Symbolicm and also decadende and unlogical. Dark paintings and drawings with it’s hell discriptions since Medieval Era and with iternal conflicts of human, especially since XVIII. century, has been carry, dreams of gothic literature, monsters and spritual condictions in hysteria on to the canvas. As of presence metaphysical universe, dark nightmares, shaped on grotesque bodies since XVIII. century, destruction and death instinct, madness, mystery an irrotionality, all crime and dystopic cases are main objects of Dark Romanticism. As Dark Romanticism, finding place in literature as a neo gothic and it also appears as reaction to the vice age, and politics of the period. The gothic novels, which dealwith the pessimistic nature of dark, gloomy one, continue to be as popular as so far. İn connection with the English Gothic, chateaux and castles, which have close connection to feudal power, have become home-related in American Gothic. Ruins, tombs, manasteries, forests, mansions, paranoic hysteria and voyeurism; class distinction, sexism, patriachal power, identity problem, massacres in new lands, nightmares and social oreder have been the subjects venues and mood of Dark Romanticism in the Literature/painting/cinema. With vampires, witches, demons, monsters, mad doctors, ghosts and freaks, imaginary figures have shown changes in art branches to popular cultures, and images of day-to-day nightmares in inter painting and intertextual interaction have been made.