Yetişkinlerde Emosyonel Prozodi Algısı ve Üretiminin Değerlendirilmesi
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Emotional prosody is characterised by stresses, intonations, pauses, pitch and loudness variations of speech due to the expression of feelings. In this study, the emotional prosody production patterns and perceptions of 42 individuals (27 women, 15 men) have been depicted using meaningless word lists in order to obtain normative data on the production and perception of emotional prosody. In order to evaluate the emotional prosody perception, 32 sentences expressed by reflecting the emotions of neutral, anger, happiness and sadness by the actor were played. Participants were asked to mark the state of emotion they were listening to on the form which prepared by the researcher. To evaluate the production of emotional prosody, the same cues were asked to expressed using the same emotional states and the voice recordings were analyzed in terms of fundamental frequency (F0), loudness and duration of speech. The results show no variance between genders in the perception of emotional prosody (p=,725). On the other hand, difference has been observed in production of emotional prosody between genders in the pitch variation of speech (p<,05). Within group comparisons women tended to use higher pitch in the expression of happiness compared to feelingof sadness and neutral state of feeling (p<,05). In the speech loudness examination, however, both men and women produced variable levels of loudness for different states of feelings (p<,05). When the speech is analysed in terms of duration both men and women decreased the rate of their speaking while expressing the feeling of sadness compared to anger, happiness and neutral states of feeling (p<,05). The most evident feature of Turkish emotional prosody has been observed to be the changes in the loudness of speech for both men and women.