Farklı trimesterdeki gebelerin oküpasyonel performans, prenatal distres, uyku ve yaşam kalitelerinin karşılaştırılması
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This study was planned to compare the occupational performance, prenatal distress, sleep and quality of life of pregnant women in different trimesters. 150 pregnant individuals, 50 from each of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters, were included in our study. Canadian Activity Performance Measure (COPM) to assess participants' occupational performance and satisfaction, Prenatal Distress Scale (PDI) to assess their distress levels, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Scale (PUKI) to assess their sleep quality, and Short Form-36 (SF-36) to assess their quality of life scales were used. As a result, a significant difference was found between the ocupational performance (p<0.01) and satisfaction (p<0.01) levels and sleep quality (p<0.01) of pregnant women in different trimesters. Although the total stress scores of pregnant women increased as trimesters progressed, no significant difference was found in prenatal distress levels between trimesters (p>0.05). When the sub-parameters of the quality of life of the pregnant were examined, physical function (p=0.001), role limitations due to physical function (p=0.001), role limitations due to emotional function (p=0.001), energy/vitality (p=0.014), mental health (p=0.001), social functionality (p=0.001), general health perception (p=0.005) sub-parameters were statistically significant, between trimesters. It was found that there was a statistically significant correlation between the ocupational performance and satisfaction scores women and some sub-parameters of the stress, sleep and quality of life scales of the pregnant. As a result, it was observed that as the trimesters progressed, the levels of occupational performance and satisfaction, sleep and quality of life decreased, while the stress levels increased and these could affect each other of the pregnant women in different trimesters. We think that the inclusion of occupational therapists in the follow-up processes at every stage of pregnancy will have positive effects on occupational performance, stress, sleep and quality of life of pregnant women.