ULUSLARARASI ÖRGÜTLER HUKUKU AÇISINDAN AFRİKA BİRLİĞİ VE KITADAKİ ETKİNLİĞİ
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In the 19th century, the call for Pan-Africanism rose among blacks in the European continent and after the independence of most African countries, this call shifted from Europe to the interior of Africa. African leaders have tried to achieve this goal in various ways and these attempts have resulted in the establishment of the Casablanca Bloc, the Brazzaville Bloc and the Monrovia Group. In 1963, the Organization of African Unity was established to bring the people of the continent together and direct them towards common interests, to ensure the independence of the African continent and to eliminate epidemics and civil wars. However, the changes in international relations after the Cold War forced the organization to transform into a form that keeps up with the times and preserves the continent's position and weight in the international community. In 2001, the African Union was established to replace the Organization of African Unity. In this study, the emergence of the African Union, its place in international organizations, its organs, membership structure and its effectiveness against the problems of the continent have been discussed. The African Union has been examined in various aspects within the framework of international organizations law, which is an important sub-area of international law. In addition, in line with the arrangements made in the basic documents of the African Union, the situation of the organization in practice has also been evaluated.