Propolisin Diaper Dermatit’e (Pişik) Eşlik Eden Enfeksiyonlara Karşı Bebek Bezlerinde Kullanılma Potansiyelinin Araştırılması
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Propolis is a resinous substance that bees create by combining the secrations they collect from trees, leaves and buds with their own enzymes. Due to its antibacterial, antimicrobial and antifungal properties, propolis has been benefited for centuries in many ways, from embalming the dead. to the content of lip balms. Studies have shown that propolis has a therapeutic effect on wound healing, burn treatment, dermatitis, and many skin problems. In this study, the effect of antibacterial activity of propolis on the prevention of bacterial infections accompanying Diaper dermatitis, one of the most common skin diseases in infants, was investigated. During the experiment, propolis from Tunceli, Hakkâri and Bursa provinces, two bacteria Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus commonly associated with diaper dermatitis, and a yeast Candida albicans were used in clinical strains. iv Ethyl alcohol (99%) was used as an organic solvent for the extraction of propolis samples. In order to determine the antimicrobial activities of propolis samples antibiogram tests were applied on bacteria and fungi samples. In order to test the antimicrobial activity of propolis samples in diapers 100% and 50% extracts were absorbed into the inner midlines of the diapers. Swab samples were taken from the incubated diapers at the 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th, and 24th hours with the help of a glass baguette, and smear was cultivated on NA for bacterial strains and PDA for yeast. The hourly microbial growth-based antimicrobial inhibition rates of propolis samples were determined by the pour plate technique. As a result of the study, antimicrobial effects were observed at different rates in all 3 microorganisms. The antimicrobial effect of propolis is found expected to be more effective in cases where the diaper is not changed for a long time. The most efficient method would be to put propolis-absorbed material on the top of the diaper as a separate layer.