Dual Testing to Achieve Low On-treatment Platelet Reactivity for Aneurysm Embolization
Topcuoglu, Mehmet A.
Arsava, Ethem M.
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Abstract Background and purpose: Although point-of-care tests are used extensively to test platelet function before endovascular aneurysm treatment, their use and validity are still debated. We compared the results of two point-of-care tests (VerifyNow® and Multiplate®) for assessing patients treated with stents and flow diverters and determined their relation to periprocedural complications. Methods: All patients undergoing treatment of intracranial aneurysms were tested using both methods and were retrospectively evaluated. Patients with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage and those who had to be maintained on anticoagulants for unrelated diseases were excluded. An acceptable level of platelet inhibition was required on both tests to commence with treatment, otherwise antiplatelet medication was adjusted to reach this level. Results: Mean PRU (platelet reactivity units) and ADP AUC (adenosine diphosphate area under the aggregation curve) were 68 ± 66 and 23 ± 15, respectively, in 295 patients. Both tests showed a good correlation (r = 0.45). Both tests were able to predict hemorrhagic events but not ischemic events. When patients with very low reactivity (PRU < 60) were compared to the rest of the group, there were more hemorrhagic events in the first group but the overall rate of complications were similar (p = 0.27). Conclusion: In this largest study comparing two widely used commercial platelet function tests, the correlation between the tests were less than ideal; however, the very low platelet reactivity attained by the help of dual platelet testing did not result in an increased overall complication rate.