5E Öğrenme Modeline Göre Düzenlenmiş Eğitim Durumlarının Bilimsel Süreç Becerileri, Öğrenme Düzeyi ve Tutuma Etkisi
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In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of learning experiences of 4th grade students in Science and Technology Course, designed according to 5e Learning Model, on students’ science process skills, levels of learning and attitude. In addition, opinions of instructors and students were also examined. In this research, a pre-test post-test control group experimental design was used. The retention-consistency tests were also administered three months after the post-test. The study was carried out for 18 weeks in the “Fourth Grade Science and Technology” course in Ankara Özel Tevfik Fikret Primary Schools. The students at 4A and 4E sections, who took this course in the 2011–2012 academic years constituted the samples of the study. Since there were five classes at 4th grades, one of the classes was randomly assigned as the experimental group (n=30) while another one class was arranged as the control group (n=30). The 5e Learning Model instructional design was implemented in the experimental group while traditional teaching methods and activities were carried out in the control group. The preparation of experimental instructional design complied with the application principles of 5e Learning Model. In order to compare the experimental and the control groups in terms of dependent variables, covariance analysis was used. The qualitative data analysis process of constituted of, integrating of data, constituting codes and themes, organizing and writing phases. When the findings are examined as a whole, the strengths and limitations of 5e Learning Model found in the present study can be said to be parallel with the findings of the model supported in the literature. In the study, it was observed that there is a meaningful difference between the control and experimental groups about students’ science process skills, retention of learning levels and attitudes in favour of the experimental group. Furthermore, the positive effects of 5e learning model based instruction on accommodation, equipment, out of class activities, meta-cognitive awareness, academic self-concept, collaboration, friendship, roles and responsibilities of students and teachers, communication skills and academic progress were also determined by the vii findings of qualitative data. On the other hand, the limitations of the study were evaluated as the noise in the classroom; the anxiety caused by uncertainty, challenges of group work and common decision making process, time limit for the studies, and some students not bringing the necessary tools or equipments they are responsible for during group studies.