A Comparison Of Dysfunctional Voiding Scores Between Patients With Nocturnal Enuresis And Healthy Children
Aslan, Mustafa Kemal
Durmus, Emine Gül
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Background/aim: To compare dysfunctional voiding symptom scores (DVSSs) between enuretic children and nonenuretic controls and to investigate associated factors that may affect DVSS. Materials and methods: A questionnaire including demographic features, educational status of parents, DVSS questions, and urinary tract infection (UTI) history was designed. A total of 269 patients were included; Group 1 comprised 161 patients with no voiding symptoms and Group 2 comprised 108 patients with nocturnal enuresis (NE). Children with DVSS of greater than 8.5 were suspected to have dysfunctional voiding. The results were evaluated using SPSS 15.0 with Kruskal-Wallis and multivariate logistic regression tests. Results: The median DVSS was 2 (interquartile range [IQR]: 1-3) in Group 1 and 8 (IQR: 5-12) in Group 2. The percentage of children with DVSS greater than 8.5 was 0.6% in Group 1 and 53.1% in Group 2 (P = 0.01). The percentage of children with UTI history was significantly higher in Group 2 (34.3%) than Group 1 (15.9%) (P = 0.03). An increase in the educational level of the father decreased DVSS by 0.5-fold. Presence of UTI history increased DVSS 2.5-fold. Conclusion: The DVSS is a rapid, easy tool for determining abnormal voiding parameters in children. Children with NE had higher DVSSs, which was significantly affected by the father's educational status and the child's UTI history.